English Grammar: “An Introduction to Sentence Connectors”

Sentence Connectors are a great way of improving your English. Why? Because we use them to express relationships between ideas and to combine sentences.

When we begin learning a language, we speak in very basic sentences, a bit like children.
Example: “London is a very exciting city. London is very expensive.”

As we learn more words and more complex sentence structure, we are able to start using sentence connectors to make more sophisticated sentences.
Example: “London is a very exciting city; nevertheless it is also very expensive” or
Despite the fact that London is very expensive, it is also very exciting”

There are various types of connectors. We can divide them into:

  1. Coordinating Conjunctions – They connect words, phrases and clauses. They are usually found in the middle of a sentence with a comma (,) just before the conjuction, or at the beginning of the sentence.
    Coordinating Conjunctions:

         for
         and
         nor
         but
         or
         yet
         so
    (remember FANBOYS)
  1. Correlative Conjunctions – They connect equal sentence elements together (like two nouns) and are always composed by two words.
    Correlative Conjunctions:

    bothand
    not onlybut also
    notbut
    eitheror
    neithernor
    whetheror
    asas
  1. Subordinating Conjunctions- They connect a dependent clause and an independent clause and establish a relationship between them. They happen at the beginning of a sentences (with a comma in the middle separating the clauses) or in the middle of a sentence with no comma.
    Subordinating Conjunctions:

    after if though although
    if only till as in order that
    unless as if now that until
    as long as once when as though
    rather than whenever because since
    where before so that whereas
    even if than wherever even though
    that that while
  1. Linking Adverbs and Transition Words- They connect two independent clauses or sentences. They provide transition between ideas.
    Linking Adverbs and Transition Words:

    accordingly however nonetheless also
    indeed otherwise besides instead
    similarly consequently likewise still
    conversely meanwhile subsequently finally
    moreover then furthermore nevertheless
    therefore hence next thus
Within these 4 categories, we also find the following division:
  • Addition
  • Alternative
  • Cause-Effect
  • Comparison
  • Condition
  • Contrast
  • Emphasis
  • Place
  • Time

We will explain each of these 4 types of sentence connectors in depth with examples over the next couple of days. They will teach you how to introduce, order, contrast, sequence and connect ideas within a sentence.

Remember to start using them, it will greatly increase your conversation skills and you will feel more confident talking to a native speaker.

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About the author  ⁄ Kate

I have been teaching English for 9 years. I currently work for ABA English but I also teach English in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. I love vegan cooking, my pets and everything to do with social media!

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  • Esmail

    hello dear Author,
    my paper is related to Connectors and their roles in composition writing.
    please guide me how to work on my paper.
    thanks a lot.

  • felix

    Hi, thanks a lot for the post!it is very useful but I was wonderinng if you could provide me with a more thorough article, one that also hsa examples. thanks a lot!!

  • Mohamed

    Thanks to the post, and it is helpful.

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    Great article. I am going through many of these issues as well.
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  • Dhayalan. P

    Hi, Thanks…. All the connectors are colled cunjunctions…. If there is any wrong on ideas i learnt from your material, please make me clear. Thanks!

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  • radhika vaidya

    It is very hepfull for my presentation

    • Kate

      Thanks Radhika!

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  • Raju

    hi to all, this is raj. i have gone through connectors. It was really amazing and gladed to view this tutorial on ur site. It is most helpful for all english learners. I’m a new-bee of english and i would like to learn english more deeply. But i have no mentor who knows english well to solve my doubts. Daily i keep learning english, meanwhile i’ve come across so many doubts. But due to lack of English mentor, I’m unable to understand some differences in english. I request you all guys show some sympathy on this poor english learner. First, let me know, what are the concepts i must go through to learn better english. As i’m already good at tenses, parts of speech, articles apart from these, is there any other concepts to be learned by me. If u have any suggestions or tutorials, please send them to my mail id.. Thanks in advance for each and every helper..

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