English Grammar: “An Introduction to Sentence Connectors”

Sentence Connectors are a great way of improving your English. Why? Because we use them to express relationships between ideas and to combine sentences.

When we begin learning a language, we speak in very basic sentences, a bit like children.
Example: “London is a very exciting city. London is very expensive.”

As we learn more words and more complex sentence structure, we are able to start using sentence connectors to make more sophisticated sentences.
Example: “London is a very exciting city; nevertheless it is also very expensive” or
Despite the fact that London is very expensive, it is also very exciting”

There are various types of connectors. We can divide them into:

  1. Coordinating Conjunctions – They connect words, phrases and clauses. They are usually found in the middle of a sentence with a comma (,) just before the conjuction, or at the beginning of the sentence.
    Coordinating Conjunctions:

         for
         and
         nor
         but
         or
         yet
         so
    (remember FANBOYS)
  1. Correlative Conjunctions – They connect equal sentence elements together (like two nouns) and are always composed by two words.
    Correlative Conjunctions:

    bothand
    not onlybut also
    notbut
    eitheror
    neithernor
    whetheror
    asas
  1. Subordinating Conjunctions- They connect a dependent clause and an independent clause and establish a relationship between them. They happen at the beginning of a sentences (with a comma in the middle separating the clauses) or in the middle of a sentence with no comma.
    Subordinating Conjunctions:

    after if though although
    if only till as in order that
    unless as if now that until
    as long as once when as though
    rather than whenever because since
    where before so that whereas
    even if than wherever even though
    that that while
  1. Linking Adverbs and Transition Words- They connect two independent clauses or sentences. They provide transition between ideas.
    Linking Adverbs and Transition Words:

    accordingly however nonetheless also
    indeed otherwise besides instead
    similarly consequently likewise still
    conversely meanwhile subsequently finally
    moreover then furthermore nevertheless
    therefore hence next thus
Within these 4 categories, we also find the following division:
  • Addition
  • Alternative
  • Cause-Effect
  • Comparison
  • Condition
  • Contrast
  • Emphasis
  • Place
  • Time

We will explain each of these 4 types of sentence connectors in depth with examples over the next couple of days. They will teach you how to introduce, order, contrast, sequence and connect ideas within a sentence.

Remember to start using them, it will greatly increase your conversation skills and you will feel more confident talking to a native speaker.

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About the author  ⁄ Kate

I have taught English for 9 years. I currently work for ABA English but I also teach English Tamil Nadu in the south of India. I love vegan cooking, walking my dog Toby in the park and anything to do with social media!

Lear English for Free

20 Comments

  • Reply
    Esmail
    18 May 2012

    hello dear Author, my paper is related to Connectors and their roles in composition writing. please guide me how to work on my paper. thanks a lot.

  • Reply
    felix
    11 March 2013

    Hi, thanks a lot for the post!it is very useful but I was wonderinng if you could provide me with a more thorough article, one that also hsa examples. thanks a lot!!

    • Reply
      Kate Author
      25 March 2013

      Hello Felix! I hope this helps: http://esl.about.com/od/writingintermediate/a/w_connectors.htm

  • Reply
    Mohamed
    8 April 2013

    Thanks to the post, and it is helpful.

  • Reply
    Carl Rosetti
    15 April 2013

    I don’t know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else encountering issues with your blog. It appears as though some of the written text within your content are running off the screen. Can someone else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them as well? This might be a issue with my internet browser because I’ve had this happen before. Appreciate it

    • Reply
      Anne
      3 April 2014

      You will find lots of listening activities and video content in Listen & Watch. We also have a Grammar section, IELTS exam practice materials and materials about Business & Work. To improve your academic writing, visit Writing for a Purpose.Learn English online with the help of this free website http://www.cealexpress.com.br/ with games, stories, lots of intersting things are available. Most of the people are trusted as for english learning.

  • Reply
    http://www.automotivepartscoupon.com
    29 April 2013

    Great article. I am going through many of these issues as well. .

  • Reply
    Dhayalan. P
    12 June 2013

    Hi, Thanks…. All the connectors are colled cunjunctions…. If there is any wrong on ideas i learnt from your material, please make me clear. Thanks!

  • Reply
    website
    14 June 2013

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  • Reply
    radhika vaidya
    9 October 2013

    It is very hepfull for my presentation

    • Reply
      Kate Author
      10 October 2013

      Thanks Radhika!

  • Reply
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    26 November 2013

    You have a talent for words.

  • Reply
    Raju
    4 February 2014

    hi to all, this is raj. i have gone through connectors. It was really amazing and gladed to view this tutorial on ur site. It is most helpful for all english learners. I’m a new-bee of english and i would like to learn english more deeply. But i have no mentor who knows english well to solve my doubts. Daily i keep learning english, meanwhile i’ve come across so many doubts. But due to lack of English mentor, I’m unable to understand some differences in english. I request you all guys show some sympathy on this poor english learner. First, let me know, what are the concepts i must go through to learn better english. As i’m already good at tenses, parts of speech, articles apart from these, is there any other concepts to be learned by me. If u have any suggestions or tutorials, please send them to my mail id.. Thanks in advance for each and every helper..

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