Let’s see the vocabulary you will need to know about family members.
The Immediate Family
And how could you use this vocabulary in a conversation?
I live with my parents, my oldest brother and one of my sisters. I have four other siblings. Sometimes I wish I was an only child!
My wife has a daughter and a son, but I don’t have any children of my own.
The Extended Family
- Great-grandmother, great-grandfather
- Grandmother, grandfather
- Grandson, granddaughter
- Second cousin
Let’s look at how you could include these members of the family in conversation:
I never met my great grandparents, but when I was a child I had a very close relationship with both my grandmothers. I used to go to visit my grandparents on my mother’s side every day after school.
I have one aunt and two cousins on my mother’s side. My father is an only child, so I don’t have aunts or uncles on his side.
- Mum, mommy, mom
- Dad, daddy, pa
- Grandma, gran, nana, nan
- Granddad, grandpa, gramps
Can I spend the night at gramps’ house, mum? I haven’t seen him or grandma in ages!
The Assembled Family
In the case of sister and brother, the prefix Half- is also used to refer to a sibling with whom you share one parent.
Let’s see some examples to make this clearer:
When I was ten my mother got married to a man who had a daughter and a son, so now I have a father, a stepfather, a half-sister and a half-brother.
We’ll be spending this Christmas at my in-laws in Alabama. My sister-in-law and my brothers-in-law are all going with their children. It’s going to be a really big table!
Getting to Know Your In-Laws
- Good afternoon, it’s lovely to meet you!
- You have a beautiful home!
- Mary tells me you’re a keen tennis player.
- Thanks for a lovely dinner. I had a great time and I’m looking forward to seeing you again soon.
You now have the necessary vocabulary to be able to talk about your family and to enjoy listening to the anecdotes of others. If you want to have even more tools for conversation and more English practice, remember that at ABA English we are waiting for you. Our English course has six different difficulty levels, so there is sure to be one for you. Through our course you will learn everything you will need to manage yourself calmly and fluently in any situation that requires you to speak English, from the most informal to those that require more formality and correction. What are you waiting for? Start to enjoy speaking English!
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